Fraud in the IQ game

I saw a Facebook post yesterday that began with the words “Psychologists explain…”  and commented that I normally turn away from those words. But then I thought “Wait! This may be the first time psychologists actually explained something!” I cannot think of a more bankrupt field, save that of economists.

I’ve been reading a book called “Betrayers of the Truth” by William Broad and Nathan Wade. It is about science in general, written in 1982 before the great hoaxes of our own time, such as the Stephen Hawking affair and global warming. The authors describe the work of Cyril Burt, a famous British psychologist who engineered much of our current mythology about IQ.

Burt was exposed as a fraud after his death. He merely made up numbers, and even invented two assistants who did not exist, Miss Conway and Miss Howard. But it seems such and odd and pointed fraud, as it was aimed right at the hubris of the ruling classes. Intelligence, Burt concluded, was indeed hereditary, that is, if you’re a college professor, the odds are that your children will naturally be brighter than those of the guy who mops the hallway.

My own observations are not scientific, just based on experience. Our class in grade school was made up of dumb kids and bright kids. We knew who we were, and performed to expectations.

What caught my eye in the Burt studies were some spook markers. Other researchers noticed the precision of his findings, which was what first gave him away. In three studies of separated twins, for instance, the correlation between IQ scores was .771, astronomically unlikely.

Then we learn that he studied 53 sets of twins separated at birth, and that the correlation between those reared together was .944. Those look like spook markers. Burt was letting insiders in on his secret.

Burt was not even trying, and was never exposed as a fraud while alive. He was a professor at University College, London, and was knighted for his work. He and Miss Conway pulled off a huge scam in broad daylight.

What was the point? As an outsider looking in, I can only guess, but the objective appears to have been to protect the peerage from infiltration by commoners. Burt established hard statistical science in the realm of IQ testing, showing everyone that the classes are as they are for a reason. Once a ditch digger always a ditch digger. I have known trust babies who were imbeciles. An upper tier education for such a person creates a wicked combination of hubris and stupidity, yielding the likes of Steve Forbes and Dan Quayle, dangerous men.

Arnold Schwarzenegger, when he was married to Maria Schriver, crossed the line, breeding with the hired help. That sort of behavior is discouraged, of course, but I have to wonder as I look at a Prince Charles if it should not be encouraged.

According to Sir Burt, intelligence, just like money, is a matter of choice of the right birth canal. That was Burt’s message, and the reason why his fraud was seen as necessary and was rewarded. That was probably the reason he was knighted, to protect the Prince Charlie’s of the peerage.

24 thoughts on “Fraud in the IQ game

  1. I’m curious. How does one go about locating 53 sets of twins separated at birth complete with 106 parents or guardians willing to allow study of them?

    A classified ad in the London Times, perhaps?

    Liked by 1 person

  2. When I was in High School in the 70’s, we took an IQ test as part of a study on testing. It was a class project, not a school/county wide thing. (The teacher warned us that all this would prove was how well we take IQ tests- enlightened fellow) I cheated and still only got 129, which according to the Book of Lists that came out around then, I “scored” the same as Ulysses S Grant, though how they logged their celebrity scores of historic figures, I can’t recall. Goethe topped the list with a speculated 290 (!) though, at the time, Schiller was considered the smarter of the two. The criteria for that distinction also eludes me.
    At the time I took this test, black people were complaining that the standard IQ test favored white people of middle class and above status. The issue even came up on that CBS minstrel show, Good Times, where a black kid complained that one of the questions pertained to cups and saucers but that poor folk don’t have saucers. (Honest to gawd!)
    So, some IQ test designer decided to put together a black friendly test. The first question on it was: Who did Stagger Lee shoot? (As I live and breath!)
    Truth is, I can’t spell for beans and math, fuggetaboutit! The IQ test I took wasn’t visual artist friendly. I’ll never get into Mensa…

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  3. Too smart may mean you are unlikely to accomplish anything useful to the people who would be looking to exploit you. A lot of being accepted as a genius is to have the capacity to believe the proper list of false things. If you are not useful as a tool then being a genius may just paint you as a target.

    I think “they” may want to breed the ideal idiot-savant. It seems to be preferred that the genius be really quite stupid in many areas of life.

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    1. In Aldous Huxley’s ‘Brave New World’ it is explained that the Epsilons (the lower caste, what we might today refer to as merely ‘the masses’) need not take so long to reach physical maturity, since their brains would not be required to develop fully, because their life would be comprised of rudimentary work and mundane, superficial pleasures.

      Can anybody tell me, what age are young Western girls today beginning puberty? Is it true that this age appears to be lower than it was, say, three generations ago?

      Aldous of course being the grandson of Thomas Henry, the man known as ‘Darwin’s Bulldog’ for his promotion of human evolution theory. What are the odds that there are intermarriages among the Huxley and Galton clans?

      It is almost as if they knew…

      The question then arises: what are we going to do about it?

      And the honest answer to this simple question is too much of an affront to the ego to speak or write about openly in public discourse. So we delude ourselves, and try to delude others, that the answer is something very different to what we know it to be.

      However, deep down in the pits of our troubles souls, we know the truth. And we attack those who in any way cause us to think about it. Even those who merely would like to see us embrace and move beyond it. We attack those people, too.

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  4. I was not familiar with the story of Cyril Burt. Thank you for sharing this.

    Most of us will agree that ‘IQ’ as a concept is too often vague, misunderstood, misused, and so on.

    At the same time, most of us will also agree that some people seem to be much more capable of abstract thought, creativity, pattern recognition, etc etc than other people — even at the same age and from the same location.

    The differences can be stark, so much so that the absurdity of grading students by age is all one needs to see to realise that ‘school’ is NOT about helping young humans to reach their potential.

    ‘School’ being the collective noun for fish. They have a sense of humour, the people who run the show.

    In any event, I recommend people check out the work of Rushton and Skuy. Here is a direct link to their 2000 study: http://citeseerx.ist.psu.edu/viewdoc/download?doi=10.1.1.503.9118&rep=rep1&type=pdf

    If you would like to test out your own pattern-recognition ability with a rudimentary but eye-opening test, see this short video I produced roughly one year ago: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=d9RpvwQZ3QY

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  5. well technically the IQ demonstrates the ability to follow a certain kind of logic defined by some others. If those others have formal education, training in mathematics and logic, etc. the riddles or questions in the IQ-test will cover that kind of logic. If the tested person has no such background, for instance has Australian native background, the test itself will fail because the results cannot reflect one’s ability to learn or in general the potential of the tested person. And you can train yourself on this riddles and get higher IQ without getting a bit smarter. Without cheating. On the other side, these tests are like other kind of certificates, like university degrees for instance. They are a filter so TPTB won’t allow to many of “normalos” to enter their circles. They have to let some people in to keep the cover, but things like degrees or IQ, which are hard to master, create a natural limit. Their own folks never need degrees to be “successful”. Bill Gates didn’t finish Harvard, did he? Also they will always have high IQ’s to explain their “success”. Do you know, the actor James Woods has an IQ of 180? Come on.

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  6. Raven’s Progressive Matrices test and similar cultural fair tests are probably the best IQ tests. These tests are visual and they are probably the only ones that can be considered cultural fair. I would also say that these tests are very good in the 70-130 range (Standard deviation 15 or SD15). Beyond this range, they probably don’t have enough data (maybe they can push it to 150). I studied the literature during my college years, so I know that there are many areas that need more clarification (the causes behind the Flynn effect, timed versions vs untimed versions of the tests, the concept of g, nature vs nurture etc).
    The concept of intelligence is probably more transcendental or more holistic. I say transcendental, because it may be hard or even impossible to describe the concept of intelligence in an exact manner . Nonetheless, I believe that cultural fair IQ tests can be very useful despite their limitations. People don’t like the IQ tests especially because of the IQ differences between the races. The bad news is that the cultural fair tests are the ones where the differences in IQ persist much better.
    The IQ of famous people is extrapolated from their biographies. People here are probably already skeptic regarding the biographies of famous people ( a very reasonable position). So the IQs of most historical people or famous people can be considered to be trash/rubbish/ propaganda . I am not saying that these people are not smart or even on the genius level. Even if many aspects of their biographies are correct, you still cannot extrapolate that data to obtain an exact IQ number.

    Writing this comment I remembered about a study/article that mentioned a negative correlation between having an elite intellectual profession and IQ once the 133 mark is passed. See this http://polymatharchives.blogspot.com/2015/01/the-inappropriately-excluded.html (I remember seeing the info about the IQ 133 on another website) . I mention this because it is very interesting if the statistics are true. I would bet that a large percentage of these people with IQ over 133 get a feeling that something is wrong with the status quo of these “elite intellectual professions”. They don’t have to be aware of the “conspiracies”, they may just have a gut feeling when they see the behavior of the gatekeepers. I would also bet that a large percentage are engaged in conspiracies .

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  7. RPM is not even fair within our western cultural background. The more difficult multiple choice questions often can have different solutions which all appear “logic”. Applied to an Aboriginal or an Inuit who does not see any logic in ordering geometrical figures in certain order would make no sense. Then there is the so called social intelligence. People with very high IQ but no social intelligence can be much less successful in life than some streetwise smartass. I know many people with top degrees or even several PHD titles who are doing ordinary office jobs not able to effectively climb the ladder. For instance a colleague of mine calls himself Dr.Dr.Dr. (no kidding, he made three different dissertations in mathematics, financial mathematics and computer science), was done with the university in his 40-s, is now in his 50-s and only once was allowed to lead a project which was a catastrophe. He lives in an rented flat and does not own anything of value as far as I can tell. But I can be wrong there of course. Maybe he’s hidden millions under the mattress. I also happen to know a scrap metal merchant who made millions and does not know what else to spend all the money for. A few years ago he bought a Formula 3 car for his son which he occasionally drives in Hockenheim. He’s not a billionaire though for there is no such thing. He maybe worth some 10-20 millions EUR. That seems to be the limit. He’s the richest person I ever met and I know a lot of folks.

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    1. ” The more difficult multiple choice questions often can have different solutions which all appear “logic”- A good multiple test should have only one solution but problems like this can appear especially after IQ130. This is why I say that the statistics may be good maybe until 150 (SD15). It would become harder and harder to calibrate the answers and it would also require the creators of the test to also have very high IQ (in order to see all the possible answers or solutions). They also have less reliable statistics once they go beyond the 70-130 range.
      I already said that the situation is more holistic or even transcendental. The talk about “success in life” can also be subjective. Also don’t assume that the merchant has a lower IQ than the DR. I already mentioned above that the correlation with the profession starts to break at 133 (I don’t trust the statistics to be that exact, but they my tell something interesting). So we can assume that many people (maybe even most) with IQ over 130 are in professions that are not considered intellectual. Nonetheless, they can be intellectual at home.

      Why do you often mention the “no billionaire” meme? I don’t know what they have because I cannot see their vault or personal documents. I already responded to similar comments. In the end the paper value of their wealth is not the important statistic. They probably don’t care about owning the paper money, they only want everyone else to be enslaved to their paper money. They probably care about having large amounts of land where they can have their big houses and clean air (maybe even have agricultural land where they grow real food). They probably have reserves of silver, gold and other precious metals/gems/materials. They probably have better medical knowledge that it is not used in the standard hospitals. They have the real knowledge how the system works. So yes, they are probably above the paper money.

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  8. “He’s not a billionaire though for there is no such thing.”

    Please explain. I’m skeptical of Warren Buffet, Bill Gates, Mark Zuckerberg, Mark Cuban, and Steve Jobs. But there must be some, not everyone/everything can possibly be a project.

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    1. Wallace, you’re a troll but I will answer anyway although I don’t like to feed trolls. All the super rich we know are media characters. We know them only from media. They don’t socialize with us, common folks. So how do we know they are real? How do you know what Donald Trump or Bill Gates or anybody really does at home at their spare time? All you know about it you know from the same mainstream media. Sometimes you see famous actors or others VIP’s supposedly shopping, refueling their cars, walking dogs or doing some other things we do. But mostly you will see this VIP’s doing extravagant things like flying over the ocean just to have breakfast in Paris or buying extremely expensive designer clothes nobody else can afford, or spending their vacation on expensive boats etc. This should give us the impression how the real high life looks out. It should make us greedy and jealous. To me this kind of life looks like a lot of effort and not very fun. I’m usually to lazy to go out for breakfast because it requires to wake up earlier as usual, get ready to get out, etc. Expensive clothes are also not more comfortable than the regular clothes we wear, right? We’ve been on a boat on the Maldives once for two weeks doing island hoping vacation which was great fun because of the colorful sea life, but living on a boat is more like living in a camper. No matter how luxury the boat may be it always forces you to make compromises. And you can always only eat until you’re full and this VIP’s never even do this to stay in shape. Also in my experience when you work hard to get rich there always is a point where the money starts working on itself and throwing out more net income than you can spend, then you will become lazy and satisfied and that is a natural limit for everybody. I don’t believe in limitless greed or power maniacs and such.

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      1. It’s a nice anecdotal story, Muller, but at no point do you address the topic of “billionaire” even once with any sort of evidence.

        We already have evidence to the contrary on this topic: math. We can calculate a million, and a billion, and a trillion in all sorts of ways. We can calculate a product’s value and profit margin and then multiply it by its sales. We can spend real money on such products, and know they exist. Many, many such products exist. Gold exists. Silver exists.

        To use a more modern example of multi-billion dollar markets, GPUs (graphics cards) for computers exist, which in the last year were inflated to often two or three times their initial value – and sold by the hundreds of thousands. How do we know they aren’t lying about those sales? Because computers also exist, and BitCoin mining and video games also exist. You can’t do those without these graphics cards – of which I own six, myself. Every Playstation 4 or Xbox One has one of these as well.

        So where did that money go? Nvidia and AMD didn’t spend it all on production, or else they’d have no profit. Even if they had initially taken losses, the double and triple inflation (thanks to crypto-currency “mining”) easily generated massive profits. BILLIONS. Nvidia is reportedly worth $59B , AMD around $10B.

        So if these moneys don’t exist, why do they so obviously exist physically? Do you believe that a company worth 60 billion dollars doesn’t even have one billionaire shareholder? Not one? And these aren’t even the BIG companies like Apple (puke) or Autodesk or Adobe ($100B).

        I don’t understand why you seem so afraid of math.

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        1. Jared, of course there is big money circulating the markets. Forget the numbers, they are vastly exaggerated IMO and of no importance for this money is different to what your salary is being paid with. It cannot be compared. It’s different money. We build giant enterprises with it and there are faces sold to us as the owners of this big money but it does not prove those people really control it and make decisions. Do you believe Elon Musk makes any decisions? He can’t even decide which t-shirt he’s going to wear on the next photo session. Do you believe Donald Trump or Angela Merkel make decisions beyond what they’ll have for breakfast? As I wrote previously, those super rich are only actors and their extravagantly scripted life presented to us daily on mainstream media is only a show. The same applies for political debates and such. It all somehow inspires humans to go to work every day, pay taxes, buy things they consider necessary, make savings for rainy days, etc. It’s the way we build our world. Without it who would move a finger beyond filling his stomach as animals do?

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          1. Okay, so your chief argument against billionaires existing is “forget the numbers”?

            Pardon me, but that’s exactly what “a billion” is. A number. It’s a number that means 1,000,000,000 * $1, in this case. You’re asking me to forget the very definition of the topic we’re discussing here.

            You say those numbers are overinflated “IMO” (in yours, obviously), with absolutely no evidence for that statement. As I posted previously, we can simply look at GPU technology to know you’re wrong. How can I prove that you’re wrong? Because we’re writing here on this blog on computers or phones THAT HAVE GPUs, or else you wouldn’t even be able to see your screen. That’s what the Graphics Processing Unity does – it processes the graphics output. There are no PCs or phones or tablets or video game consoles without GPUs, period. Anything that attaches to a video screen of any kind has a GPU. Everything that does, does.

            Since you were able to read (and thus respond) to my previous comment(s), we also know that YOU have at least one GPU. Are you now going to tell us that the money you spent on whatever device you are using is fictional, too? You didn’t actually buy the device you’re using (nobody else did, either), it just popped into existence in your hands or on your desk?

            For the second half of your response, I agree almost wholesale. No, Trump and Musk and all the douchebags we’re sold as multi-billionaires in the mainstream media don’t make decisions or actually do anything of any import. Musk and Zucky and Jobs and Gates for example are known liars, frauds, and front-men only. Their worth isn’t real. Trump may or may not be worth $4B, but compared to what Hillary is worth (her brother owns Haitian Gold, you know) that’s clown shoes. She’s easily worth ten times what Trump is, if not 20 times. And what I mean by that is that her VALUE to TPTB is greater than his, and even more specifically her family’s value. That’s how they compare importance between them to begin with – how much land, stock, and assets do they “hold”.

            Sure, these popular media people are fakes, frauds, and liars – but the money exists and is controlled by SOMEONE up the ladder from them. That’s why TPTB use front-men and long cons (like Trump) in the first place – to smokescreen the actual players and owners and masters of all that surrounds us. It’s not Hill-Dawg that’s important, it’s her family – her brother probably foremost. The Rodham family has been around for 800+ years, and own tons of land in Britain. They’re older than most other families, with even stronger ties to the crypto-banking families than most as well. So while she is a fake, the money behind her is definitely real. You don’t get propped up in the mainstream media unless you’re among these rich families who NEED frontment to mask their real activities.

            What are their real activities? The hoarding and lording of food (money = food currency) over the rest of us, to increase their comfort, acquire whatever they wish, and blow on drugs, hookers, and party lifestyles. Or whatever the hell else they want. They believe they own the Earth.

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          2. Jared, do you know what a derivative instrument is? That’s what big international banks invent to base their transactions on. They always swap money. If I give you 100 billions and you also give me 100 billions credit then no money has to be exchanged, right? It becomes an empty number in a computer. That’s what fiat money really means. The banks make this transactions on the premise they’re paying themselves different rates based on some crude numbers called LIBOR or EURIBOR which are told to represent an average of current market demands but made out of thin air. This fake money is then used to “finance” the creation of huge enterprises. But this is only a cover to hide the fact, that there is no market decision behind it. It’s not the same money you use to buy something you consider necessary. If TPTB decide to build the Twin Towers they don’t need to have savings to finance it like you do if you want to build a house. The big international banks “finance” the enterprise based on the fiat money they constantly generate. The enterprise leads to generate work for building companies who then are paying other sub-companies, etc. At the end of the chain it is you who goes there to work and gets being paid a little from which you have to give a part back as taxation which again finally ends up in the accounts of the big banks. It’s not easy to understand but all this is a complex control mechanism making you do things you otherwise won’t. The end product is then of course the WTC or a new car factory or other huge enterprise which otherwise nobody could stem from real savings. In the same way their financed their wars previously using loans sold to governments. This huge money which is fiat money and which is different to your salary money is only to control the masses and never enters the commodity market. It is not own by any billionaire and you cannot buy anything for it. And now you tell me, what for would they need Donald Trump or Bill Gates or whoever? And why should they allow a weak, corruptible person to collect billions of savings? If the money would be owned by real persons, if it would by private it would always finally gets wasted. That was the case in the past, where everything was private, owned by some kings or kingdoms. In those times there was no development. Some very few were very rich, the masses were very poor. Now everybody is similarly rich. Everybody can have a car or a computer or a huge TV. Everybody eats properly. Now the system prevents anybody from collecting to much savings. As I wrote previously on some occasions, if you’re very smart and work very hard you can collect maybe some 10-20 millions of EUR which carefully spend can last til the end of your life. But that is the limit and very few can reach this. And those few don’t have a better life than you do. So why bother?

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          3. “Now the system prevents anybody from collecting to much savings. As I wrote previously on some occasions, if you’re very smart and work very hard you can collect maybe some 10-20 millions of EUR which carefully spend can last til the end of your life. But that is the limit and very few can reach this.”

            Hogwash. How, why, and in what mathematical manner would that be “the limit”, and how does your “limit” have such a massive variance? Is it 10 or 20 million? Where, when, and how have you witnessed this “limit”?

            Your math is worse than NASA’s here, and it makes sense why you told me to ignore the math. Because that’s what you’re already doing.

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        2. I would be hard pressed to believe that the Rockefeller and the Rothschild families are NOT billionaires. What’s a billion any more when a single story shack in Silicon Valley goes for well above a $1 million dollars, maybe even $2M. And it would take an obscene amount of capital for the elite to build their own personal UFOs they are “jetting” around in from one end of the globe to another – per Miles.

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    1. The IQ tests are at best rudimentary tests that can show a person’s ability for pattern recognition. It is not about intellectual superiority. Nonetheless I believe that there is a strong correlation between IQ and a person’s intellectual level. I believe that people like Binet created IQ tests in order to help children that needed alternative education (the ones with lower IQ). So it was more about children with low IQ than about children with high IQ. The modern cultural fair tests are very different from the tests given by Binet (Binet’s tests were for children).

      Wallace, your first link deals with the issue of “IQ worship”. Many people that are race realists seem to be IQ worshipers. I am also a race realist, but I am not an IQ worshiper. Like I said above, the IQ is not about intellectual superiority (it is connected in an indirect manner nonetheless). I don’t have a problem with the fact that another race might have higher average visual IQ than the white race (good for them, on average). Actually there is a theory on internet about the “smart fraction” . The smart fraction theory says that the level of development of a country is determined by the average IQ of the top 5% of a country. See http://www.lagriffedulion.f2s.com/sft.htm . The general theory may be correct, however these people trust some data too much and they don’t look at the conspiratorial side of things. Some of them use the data from the international tests called PISA and TIMSS, which are not IQ tests (of course there is some correlation). They also don’t look very carefully at the national IQ tests provided by Lynn and Vanhanen. Not to mention that the GDP can be used as a propaganda tool, so we would expect major manipulation. Countries like South Korea were kept low due to major psyops (North Korea, nukes etc ). No mention of how the elites control the destinies of all countries. We can also assume that the talk about Nobel winners is most likely a joke and useless. They don’t question the historical narratives (ancient and modern). So the situation is more complicated than the analyses provided by these people that talk about IQ.

      Regarding the IQ of countries, they can still tell a lot of things. I would say that the data of Lynn is mostly correct, but the IQ of a few individual countries probably need adjustments. The data may not be that useful for comparing individual countries but it may tell an important story about regions or races. I would not like to live in a country with IQ under 90.

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  9. “Burt was exposed as a fraud after his death. He merely made up numbers, and even invented two assistants who did not exist, Miss Conway and Miss Howard.”

    Now, we can go to that fountain of truth, Wikipedia, where we read that
    “According to Ronald Fletcher [1921-1992] there is also full documentary evidence of the existence of Miss Conway.[18][34]”

    I go to links 18…

    “As for the so-called “missing” research assistants, they have been found”
    …and 34

    ” independent books by Joynson [The Burt Affair (1989). London: Routledge] and by Fletcher [Science, Ideology and The Media: The Cyril Burt Scandal (1991). New Brunswick, NJ: Transaction] vindicated Burt (the “missing” research assistants were found and the twin data had not been “cooked”)”

    so, they were “found”, everybody can go home now….
    Which looks rather like damage control to me.
    Perhaps in response to this 1989 New Scientist piece
    https://books.google.co.uk/books?id=9kxz5AZj8lwC&pg=PA24

    “Professor Fletcher’s “The Miss Conway Story”, The Psychologist, May 1993, pp.214-15, which condenses and documents his search for one of the assistants”
    seems to have been published posthumously

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